The Notorious Female Bandit Pearl Hart: ‘Wildcat’ Author Reveals All

John Boessenecker, a San Francisco trial lawyer and former police officer, has additionally turn out to be one of many main historians on crime, outlaws and lawmen of the Previous West. A recipient of each a Spur Award from Western Writers of America and a greatest guide award from Westerners Worldwide, Boessenecker just lately spoke with Wild West about his newest guide, Wildcat: The Untold Story of Pearl Hart, the Wild West’s Most Infamous Lady Bandit.

What intrigued you about Lillie Naomi Davy (alias “Pearl Hart”)?
I’ve at all times been fascinated by her, ever since I learn the guide Tombstone’s Yesterday, by Lorenzo D. Walters, after I was a teen. As I grew to become older and extra refined as a researcher, I spotted a lot of what had been written about her was hogwash.

How did her background differ from these of the male outlaws you’ve profiled?
Pearl was raised in poverty in Canada, the daughter of a monster who nearly actually abused his daughters sexually. She was very unbiased and strong-willed, however she lived in an period wherein girls didn’t have the identical freedom and alternatives as males. She and her sisters used their beauty, turning to prostitution to flee their sad girlhoods. Many ladies in that period had little training and no job expertise, leaving prostitution the one option to obtain independence.

How did she purchase her alias?
Lillie Davy served a time period within the Ontario Reformatory. On her launch in 1890 she joined her 17-year-old sister, Katy, who was working a bordello in Buffalo, N.Y. At the moment one of many best-known madams in Buffalo was a girl named Pearl Hart, from whom Lillie adopted her alias.

What else did you study her sister Katy?
Katy Davy was beautiful, glamorous and as unbiased as Pearl. She additionally began out as a prostitute, then grew to become a pioneer parachutist in Texas, then a author and actress. She even had roles in silent movies earlier than 1920 and wrote a science-fiction novel in 1940. She had numerous lovers and broke her husband out of jail twice, in Oklahoma and in Texas.

How did Pearl get on with the remainder of her household?
She liked her mom and siblings and hated her father, whom she at all times known as a “nugatory wretch.” She and her brothers and sisters, drawn collectively by childhood trauma, remained shut all through their lives.

How has the digitizing of newspapers helped you and different historians?
I spent months poring over digital newspaper archives searching for tidbits of data. Pearl and siblings tried laborious to hide their actual names. With out with the ability to do phrase searches in digital newspapers, I might by no means have found out the reality. The toughest half was studying her actual identify. That opened the floodgates.

How did you weed out reality from fiction?
Previous West newspapers are sometimes the one supply one has. I at all times attempt to use firsthand accounts from the newspapers, or an account written by an area reporter. I attempt to affirm these with court docket data, memoirs, native histories and different data. The nice factor is the papers typically gave detailed protection of crime information and included accounts by witnesses and regulation officers.

Was Pearl herself a dependable supply?
No, however many of the falsehoods she advised had been about her background, as she was attempting to guard her mom from the disgrace and notoriety she had achieved. Whereas her accounts of her misadventures had been usually true, her accounts of her childhood, household and marriages had been false.

Did medication take a toll on Pearl?
Pearl at all times stated her husband Dan Bandman received her hooked on injecting morphine and smoking opium. Clearly she did it to offset the ache and humiliation of her life as a prostitute in Phoenix and Tucson within the Nineties. Whereas serving her time period in Yuma Territorial Jail for stage theft, she kicked the behavior and by no means used medication once more. However they clearly took a heavy toll on her well being, for her sisters all lived into their 80s, whereas Pearl died in 1935 at age 64.

And prostitution?
Prostitution was her principal livelihood from her early teenage years within the Eighteen Eighties till she landed in Yuma in 1899. After her launch there isn’t any proof she ever returned to it.

And maybe poor decisions in males?
Her decisions in males had been past unhealthy. Her first husband, Bandman, was a drug-addicted piano participant who frequently beat her. Her second husband, Earl Lighthawk, was a mentally unstable actor and con man. Nonetheless, that they had a daughter, Millie, born in 1906, and he or she grew as much as be a decent lady in Los Angeles, married to a former U.S. Navy submariner.

Pearl refused to be constrained. She broke free from these constraints and lived life on her personal phrases. She made numerous unhealthy decisions, however her life story nearly defies perception

Why can we keep in mind Pearl Hart?
In an period when girls had been subservient to males, after they lived at residence, carried out all home work and raised kids, Pearl refused to be constrained. She broke free from these constraints and lived life on her personal phrases. She made numerous unhealthy decisions, however her life story nearly defies perception.

What prompted you to write down about figures on each side of the regulation within the American West?
As a boy I liked watching Westerns on TV, and after I turned 14, I grew to become decided to be taught in regards to the true West, the nice guys and the unhealthy guys. I particularly preferred tales that had not been advised earlier than, which led me to greater than 50 years of analysis and writing.

What’s higher, writing about lawmen or outlaws?
Each are equally fascinating and equally laborious to analysis. Few lawmen stored diaries, so it’s a must to monitor down the main points of their exploits in newspapers and court docket data. The identical is true of outlaws. Most, like Pearl Hart, used aliases and tried to cowl their tracks, which makes researching them greater than tough.

When have you learnt you’ve gotten sufficient materials for a guide?
I’ve file cupboards jammed with supplies on tons of of Previous West characters, plus a few of my historian buddies have handed on, and I inherited their recordsdata. I attempt to verify I’ve sufficient materials for a 200-page narrative at a minimal, after which I exploit my recordsdata as a beginning place to dig up “new” data and compete the story. Ultimately, if I don’t have sufficient for a guide, I’ll do {a magazine} article or two as a substitute.

Remaining ideas on Hart?
The lesson of her life is that as a society and as a nation we have to defend, nurture and educate our kids so that they don’t find yourself like Pearl Hart and her siblings. At the moment they’d be positioned in a foster residence and given benefits that had been unknown within the 1870s.

What’s subsequent for you?
I’m ending up a full-length biography of Charles E. Boles, higher referred to as “Black Bart,” the Previous West’s most infamous stage robber. WW