Remembering the Battle of Okinawa on its 77th Anniversary


On April 1, 1945, roughly 60,000 U.S. Marines and troopers of the U.S. Tenth Military wade ashore from touchdown craft onto the seashores of Okinawa. The battle that follows is the most important Allied amphibious touchdown within the Pacific theater and the ultimate island battle of the Pacific.

Military and Marine divisions search to wrest the island from Japanese management to sever the final southwest provide line to mainland Japan, whereas establishing the island as a base for American medium bombers.

American progress in the course of the almost three-month battle, dubbed the “Hurricane of Metal” because of its ferocity, is hindered by heavy rains and rugged terrain.

Just like the bloodletting on Iwo Jima, the vicious air, land, and sea battle provides American navy planners pause when considering future amphibious assaults.  

The grisly battle concludes in an American victory, because the tenacious and determined Japanese defenders — 155,000 sturdy — are overpowered by American manpower and materials power.

However it comes at a price.

By battle’s finish on June 22, there are greater than 49,000 American casualties, together with almost 12,000 fatalities. An estimated 90,000 Japanese combatants die within the combating. A staggering 150,000 Okinawan civilians additionally perish.

 

  • A Marine sniper on Okinawa, June 1, 1945. (USMC)

  • Armored amphibious tractors of a Marine battalion type right into a line as the primary wave on Okinawa. (USMC)

  • Males from the sixth Marine Division stroll “into the valley of demise.” (USMC)

  • Corsairs of the “Hell’s Belles” Marine Corps fighter squadron are silhouetted towards the sky by the lead lacework of anti-aircraft shells. (USMC)

  • Two Marines share their foxhole and ponchos with a war-orphaned Okinawan. (USMC)

  • Personal First Class Troy Dixon makes use of a Japanese barber chair to chop the hair of Sergeant John Anderson, Anita, June 10, 1945. (Nationwide Archives)

  • Natives of Okinawa at internment camp at Sobe, Okinawa. They had been holed up in a cave and introduced out after talking with a girl already interned. (Nationwide Archives)

  • Marine Second Lieutenant John F. Larkin, who was shot within the abdomen whereas clearing a minefield, below the care of Second Lieutenant Susie E. Sumner, one of many first nurses to land on Okinawa. (Nationwide Archives)

  • Injury to the usNevada’s deck following a kamikaze assault whereas off of Okinawa, 27 March 1945. (Nationwide Archives)

  • Plasma is given to a wounded Marine on Okinawa, Might 1945. (Nationwide Archives)

  • A TBM “Avenger” in flight on an anti-submarine patrol in the course of the first day of Okinawa operations, April 1, 1945. (Nationwide Archives)

  • Marine Aviation Group MAG-33 Headquarters below flooded circumstances on Okinawa, Might 24, 1945. (Nationwide Archives)

  • A Japanese soldier surrenders to Marines after being flushed out from a cave by a smoke grenade. (Division of Protection)

  • Corporal John A. Tillotson poses in a Japanese uniform discovered on Okinawa. (Nationwide Archives)

  • Braving sniper fireplace, Lieutenant Colonel Richard P. Ross, Jr. locations the American flag on a parapet of Shuri Citadel on Okinawa. This 1st Marine Division flag was the primary to be raised over Cape Gloucester and Peleliu by that unit. The steel employees to which the flag is hooked up is Japanese and bears the marks of American shellfire. (USMC)

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