Fact vs. Myth About Apache Legend Geronimo—Readers Chime In


Apacheria
In your August 2021 subject I see articles by Invoice Cavaliere and Ron J. Jackson Jr. that dispel a few of the untruths about Geronimo’s give up. Creator Jackson hit the nail on the pinnacle in calling the Southwest “Apacheria.” A big a part of west Texas was additionally the turf of the Lipan Apaches. That’s why the mountains that provide the spring at Balmorhea are referred to as the Apache Mountains. The one factor mentioned that’s information to me is the assertion that the White Mountain Apaches didn’t get together with the Chiricahuas. And I’d wish to level out that Juh was not an Apache; he was a Yaqui. 

Humberto C. Martinez
Chaparral, N.M.

Invoice Cavaliere responds: Juh (pronounced “Hoo”) was certainly an Apache and never a Yaqui. He was a chief of the Nednhi band of the Chiricahua Apaches. The Nednhis ranged within the Sierra Madre of northern Sonora and Chihuahua in Mexico and north into excessive southern New Mexico. The confusion concerning Juh as being a Yaqui is comprehensible, because the ranges of the Nednhis and the Yaquis bordered one another. Juh’s father was Nednhi Chief Laceris, who died within the late 1850s. He had two sons, Galindo and Juh. When Galindo handed away within the early 1860s, Juh was elevated to chief of the Nednhi Apaches. He died in Mexico on Sept. 21, 1883. After Naiche and Geronimo surrendered in September 1886, “Bronco” Apaches continued raiding in the US till 1924. Because it was assumed all Chiricahuas had been eliminated to Florida, newspapers assumed these raids had been dedicated by Yaquis. A number of posses had been despatched after these Broncos. Previous-timers I spoke with who had fathers or grandfathers in these posses agreed that their family had been truly after Yaquis. I used to be unable to seek out any reference to White Mountain Apaches not getting together with Chiricahua Apaches in my colleague Ron Jackson’s article “The Parting,” nor did I point out it in mine. Nevertheless, to handle the difficulty: White Mountain Apaches usually had good relations with the Chokonen band of the Chiricahua Apaches, typically even aligning themselves with them in battle. It’s true that White Mountain Apaches usually had conflicts with different Chiricahua bands, particularly when compelled to share the identical reservations.

Geronimo recognized his fatherland as No-doyohn Canyon, Arizona, to Stephen Melvil Barrett, who was permitted to dictate the outdated warrior’s recollections for what grew to become Geronimo’s Story of His Life (1906)

Geronimo on the Gila
In your August 2021 subject Ron J. Jackson Jr.’s “The Parting” comprises a geographical error. Twice Arizona is erroneously known as the placement of the headwaters of the Gila River. That is incorrect. The supply of the Gila is within the mountains of southwest New Mexico. Geronimo was born on this space, and that is the place he wished to return earlier than his loss of life. The Gila’s headwaters are west of Ojo Caliente, website of the Heat Springs Indian Reservation. 

Lee Peters
Las Cruces, New Mexico

Ron Jackson responds: In reference to Geronimo’s fatherland and the headwaters of the Gila River, the article ought to have been extra particular. Geronimo recognized his fatherland as No-doyohn Canyon, Arizona, to Stephen Melvil Barrett, who was permitted to dictate the outdated warrior’s recollections for what grew to become Geronimo’s Story of His Life (1906). Geronimo additionally acknowledged: “In that nation which lies across the headwaters of the Gila River I used to be raised. This vary was our fatherland.” Legendary Oklahoma historian Angie Debo and creator of Geronimo: The Man, His Time, His Place, echoed Geronimo’s declare of No-doyohn Canyon as his birthplace in her ebook, figuring out it as “close to the headwaters of the Gila River in what’s now southeastern Arizona, then a part of Mexico.” Debo additional explains: “At different instances he [Geronimo] acknowledged merely that he was born in Arizona. However by fashionable nomenclature the Gila doesn’t head in Arizona, for of the branches that unite close to the present-day city of Clifton [Arizona] to type the primary stream, one now carries the identify into New Mexico.” As for Geronimo’s want to be buried in New Mexico, the document clearly states he desperately sought to spend his closing days in Arizona. Or, as he acknowledged to President Theodore Roosevelt in March 1905, “Let me die in my very own nation” (which means Arizona). Roosevelt instructed Geronimo that was not an choice. Regardless, Geronimo by no means wished to die a prisoner of warfare at Fort Sill.

One and Solely
I’ve actually loved the August subject of Wild West, which options articles about Chiricahua Apache leaders Geronimo and Naiche. I additionally loved the High 10 checklist of Chiricahua leaders by Invoice Cavaliere. I majored in historical past at Baylor College again within the mid-Sixties and have been a collector/presenter of Native American weaponry, clothes and crafts because the Seventies. Your journal is the one one to which I subscribe, and your column is the primary one I learn each time the journal arrives. Thanks for such a very good journal with attention-grabbing and factual articles. 

David Vardeman
Waco, Texas

Matchless BB Gun
Whereas studying the characteristic “Innocents Misplaced,” by Jeff Broome, in your February 2021 subject, I famous the image on the backside of P. 60 that includes Artell Genthner along with his “rifle.” The gun is a primary mannequin Matchless BB gun, launched in 1890 and produced till about 1895, when it was changed by an improved model. I suppose Artell can be at the very least 17 on this image, and that appears about proper. Here’s a image of the gun (above).

I actually like Wild West, significantly articles that includes relics. Sustain the great work.

 Invoice Johnson
Tehachapi, Calif.

Grisly Enterprise
In “Hassle in Chinatown,” within the December 2020 subject, Matthew Bernstein describes how, after killing Buckskin Invoice, James Franklin Burns and his group lower off Invoice’s deformed foot and, “preserving the grizzly trophy,” used it as proof of the loss of life. I actually hope Bernstein checked his information extra fastidiously than his spelling. (And why didn’t an editor on the journal catch that mistake?) 

Okay.M. Dawson
Englewood, Ohio

The editor responds: No excuses, besides I’ve had the grizzly bears of Glacier Nationwide Park and elsewhere in Montana on my thoughts fairly a bit recently. However that’s one other grisly story.

Ship letters by e mail. Please embrace your identify and hometown. These letters had been revealed within the February 2022 subject of Wild West.

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